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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2586\margr4268\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2586\margrsxn4268\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri31\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Dn of personality"(?). They were exhorted to be strictly \expndtw6 ire in thought, word, and deed. As an aid to this, he id down ten commandments, of which the first five \expndtw3 ere to be observed.by the laity also : (i) not to covet \expndtw15 :heiV property, (2) not to kill, (3) not to use \expndtw11 toxicants, (4) not to tell lies, (5) not to commit \expndtw9 iultery, (6) not to take part in singing and dancing, \i\expndtw13 r) \i0 not to use unguents, flowers, or perfumes, (8) \expndtw0 Dt to eat at odd hours, (9) not to sleep on comfortable \expndtw7 eds, (10) not to accept or keep money. The Buddha \expndtw9 ms prescribed a severely practical code of conduct \expndtw-3 >r his disciples, and discouraged philosophic speculation \expndtw2 )nsidering it unprofitable for one's spiritual advance, \expndtw-1 That was still more important is his healing declaration lat all could partake of his message, irrespective of sex, \expndtw0 *e, or position in society.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb274\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 .elation Between Jainism and Buddhism}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi293\ri17\sb170\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 For a long time it was commonly believed that \expndtw0 ainism was only an offshoot of Buddhism or \i vice versa. \expndtw5 : \i0 is, of course, now too late in the day to hold this \expndtw13 pinion, although the similarities between the two \expndtw9 f stems are remarkable indeed. Both are indifferent \expndtw10 ) the authority of the Vedas, and deny the efficacy \expndtw12 f rituals. Both ignored God, and decried distinc-\expndtw9 ,ons based on birth. Both emphasised the principle \expndtw-1 f \i Ahimsd \i0 and the effect of \i Karma \i0 upon an individual's \expndtw6 iture life. Both tolerated popular superstitions and \expndtw12 eliefs. These are no doubt striking resemblances, \expndtw13 ut their approach towards certain fundamental \expndtw-2 roblems is widely different. For example, Buddhism \expndtw2 ropounds that everything lacks an ego \i (Andtmavada),}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb240\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  See T. W. Rhys Davids, \i Buddhism \i0 (London, 1877); J. H. C. \expndtw-4 [ern, \i Manual of Indian Buddhism \i0 (Strassburg, 1896); A. B. Keith, \i\charscalex91\expndtw0 uddhist Philosophy in India and Ceylon \i0 (Oxford, 1923); Radha-\charscalex100\expndtw5 j \i Indian Philosophy^ \i0 Vol. I, Chaps. VII-XI, pp. 340-703,}\par }